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DATE 2016-12-01

LEARN

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Key: id Value: 543555

Key: archive_learn Value: 2016-12-01

MESSAGE
DATE 2016-12-07
FROM ruben safir
SUBJECT Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Re: png data format
From learn-bounces-at-nylxs.com Wed Dec 7 23:27:31 2016
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-------- Forwarded Message --------
Subject: Re: png data format
Date: Tue, 6 Dec 2016 21:41:26 +0100
From: David Brown
Organization: A noiseless patient Spider
Newsgroups: comp.lang.c++
References:



On 06/12/16 20:33, ruben safir wrote:
> On 12/06/2016 02:05 PM, Scott Lurndal wrote:
>> ruben safir writes:
>>> On 12/06/2016 10:10 AM, Scott Lurndal wrote:
>>>> ruben safir writes:
>>>>> Hello
>>>>>
>>>>> I'm having trouble with this imput of data from a PNG image. The specification says that "chunks" have a 4 byte field that is the length of the attached data segment. I tried to read the length in for a chunk that has a length of 13, which was confirmed in a hexdump
>>>>>
>>>>> 0000000 211 120 116 107 015 012 032 012 -->>000 000 000 015<<-- 111 110 104 122
>>>>> 0000010 000 000 041 215 000 000 007 165 010 006 000 000 001 206 055 074
>>>>> 0000020 336 000 000 000 004 147 101 115 101 000 000 261 217 013 374 141
>>>>>
>>>>> I am storing the data in a uint32_t variable using the following code, but the value keeps showing up with a huge number 218103808 which happens to be the number that is evaluated by iostream for the value of the whole chunk
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endianness
>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> that doesn't help
>>
>> And nobody here is obligated to help you - you should learn to
>> help yourself, and the link referenced above should be your starting
>> point.
>>
>
> no it is not really. Like most wikipedia articles it is written poorly
> and leaves of coherent details. Your under no obligation to post, if
> you don't want to contribute. Being an ass isn't helpful though and
> treating me like I'm stupid makes me resentful
>

The Wikipedia article there is reasonably written, and full of useful
information. But you may not have made the connection as to why it is
relevant to your problem.

Numbers bigger than single bytes in computing can be stored in two basic
formats - big endian with the most significant byte first, and little
endian with the least significant byte first. Some processors use one
format, other processors use the other. Some file formats and protocols
use one format, others use the other. If the processor and the file
format do not match, then you need to convert when reading or writing
the format.

x86 uses little endian format, so 13 is stored as 0b 00 00 00 as a
32-bit integer. PNG, like many network-related formats, uses big
endian. So it stores 32-bit 13 as 00 00 00 0b. (Incidentally, use hex
for this sort of thing - octal had no place in computing outside of
"chmod" since the 1970's.)

Assuming you are trying to learn and understand this, rather than
copy-and-paste working code, then this should be enough to get you going.

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  1. 2016-12-01 Ruben Safir <ruben.safir-at-my.liu.edu> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Patrolling the Dark Net,
  2. 2016-12-02 ruben safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Tutorial on threaded binary tree part 1: simple
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  6. 2016-12-06 Christopher League <league-at-contrapunctus.net> Re: [Learn] png data format
  7. 2016-12-06 Christopher League <league-at-contrapunctus.net> Re: [Learn] png data format
  8. 2016-12-06 Christopher League <league-at-contrapunctus.net> Re: [Learn] png data format
  9. 2016-12-06 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] png data format
  10. 2016-12-06 Christopher League <league-at-contrapunctus.net> Re: [Learn] png data format
  11. 2016-12-06 Ruben Safir <ruben.safir-at-my.liu.edu> Re: [Learn] png data format
  12. 2016-12-06 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] png data format
  13. 2016-12-06 Christopher League <league-at-contrapunctus.net> Re: [Learn] png data format
  14. 2016-12-06 Ruben Safir <mrbrklyn-at-panix.com> Re: [Learn] png data format
  15. 2016-12-06 Christopher League <league-at-contrapunctus.net> Re: [Learn] png data format
  16. 2016-12-06 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] [Hangout-NYLXS] png data format
  17. 2016-12-06 John Bowler <john.cunningham.bowler-at-gmail.com> Re: [Learn] [png-mng-implement] 4 byte length storage
  18. 2016-12-06 John Bowler <john.cunningham.bowler-at-gmail.com> Re: [Learn] [png-mng-implement] 4 byte length storage
  19. 2016-12-06 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] [png-mng-implement] 4 byte length storage
  20. 2016-12-06 ruben safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Ocaml
  21. 2016-12-06 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Re: [luny-talk] Humble Bundle O'Reilly UNIX books
  22. 2016-12-06 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] JT's words
  23. 2016-12-06 ruben safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] png data format
  24. 2016-12-07 ruben safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Re: png data format
  25. 2016-12-08 ruben safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: png data format
  26. 2016-12-08 ruben safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Re: png data format
  27. 2016-12-08 ruben safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Re: png data format
  28. 2016-12-10 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] references to pointers
  29. 2016-12-10 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] C++ returning lvalue references and pointers and refs
  30. 2016-12-10 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] const puzzle and literal type arguments
  31. 2016-12-11 ruben safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: Re: png data format
  32. 2016-12-12 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] Fwd: Re: png data format
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  40. 2016-12-15 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] zlib demo with vector::resize
  41. 2016-12-15 John Bowler <john.cunningham.bowler-at-gmail.com> Re: [Learn] [png-mng-implement] 4 byte length storage
  42. 2016-12-15 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] Fwd: [dinosaur] Elephant bird nuclear genome fragments
  43. 2016-12-15 Christopher League <league-at-contrapunctus.net> Subject: [Learn] zlib demo with vector::resize
  44. 2016-12-16 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] zlib demo with vector::resize
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  46. 2016-12-16 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Subject: [Learn] PNG Parallel Programming problem
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  74. 2016-12-21 Ruben Safir <mrbrklyn-at-panix.com> Subject: [Learn] (fwd) Re: Threads and Object Methods
  75. 2016-12-21 Ruben Safir <mrbrklyn-at-panix.com> Subject: [Learn] (fwd) thread concurancy
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  83. 2016-12-23 Ruben Safir <ruben-at-mrbrklyn.com> Re: [Learn] HOPL (History of Programming Languages)
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