|FROM ||Ruben Safir
|SUBJECT ||Subject: [NYLXS - HANGOUT] AT&T history
|AT&T Computer Systems (abbreviated AT&T-CS) was the home of the UNIX
System V operating system, originally developed in the Bell Labs Research
Division. The important System V Interface Definition (SVID) was written,
attempting to standardize the various flavors of Unix, and define the
official interfaces which made up a UNIX operating system. In 1988,
AT&T announced its intent to buy up to a 20% stake in Sun Microsystems,
a company then most well-known for making high-end UNIX workstations.
AT&T and Sun Microsystems announced that starting with UNIX System
V.4, the operating system would be released first only on AT&T and Sun
Microsystems products, and all other UNIX licensees would have to wait
6 months. Outraged by their academic-minded supplier
(Bell Labs) now turned competitor (AT&T-CS), the "Gang of Seven"
founded the Open Software Foundation (OSF), each contributing source
code from their UNIX SVR3 versions. AT&T founded the UNIX International
organization as a counter-response to the OSF. But by the late 1980s,
AT&T had almost given up, sold most of its stake in Sun Microsystems, spun
the UNIX business off as Unix System Laboratories (which was later bought
by Novell, then SCO), canceled its WE 32000 (aka BELLMAC) and CRISP (C
Reduced Instruction Set Processor) microprocessor product lines, and just
concentrated on networked server computer systems. See also Unix wars.
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